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Because it reacts identically to C-12 and C-13, C-14 becomes attached to complex organic molecules through photosynthesis in plants and becomes part of their molecular makeup.Animals eating those plants in turn absorb Carbon-14 as well as the stable isotopes.As the Earth's upper atmosphere is bombarded by cosmic radiation, atmospheric nitrogen is broken down into an unstable isotope of carbon - carbon 14 (C-14).The unstable isotope is brought to Earth by atmospheric activity, such as storms, and becomes fixed in the biosphere.This problem is now reduced by the careful collection of samples, rigorous crosschecking and the use of newer techniques that can date minute samples.Volcanic rocks – such as tuff and basalt – can be used in dating because they are formed at a particular moment in time, during an eruption.This process of ingesting C-14 continues as long as the plant or animal remains alive.The C-14 within an organism is continually decaying into stable carbon isotopes, but since the organism is absorbing more C-14 during its life, the ratio of C-14 to C-12 remains about the same as the ratio in the atmosphere.

More recently is the radiocarbon date of 1950 AD or before present, BP. It's development revolutionized archaeology by providing a means of dating deposits independent of artifacts and local stratigraphic sequences. Libby in 1949, and has become an indispensable part of the archaeologist's tool kit since.The Greeks consider the first Olympic Games as the beginning or 776 BC.The Muslims count the Prophet’s departure from Mecca, or the Hegira, as their beginning at AD 662.